第 8 节
作者:一米八      更新:2024-05-15 20:30      字数:8761
  in the temple of Vulcan; nor with the senators only by; but that it
  came to pass that; as he was haranguing the people without the city;
  near a place called the Goat's Marsh; on a sudden strange and
  unaccountable disorders and alterations took place in the air; the
  face of the sun was darkened; and the day turned into night; and that;
  too; no quiet; peaceable night; but with terrible thunderings; and
  boisterous winds from all quarters; during which the common people
  dispersed and fled; but the senators kept close together。 The
  tempest being over and the light breaking out; when the people
  gathered again; they missed and inquired for their king; the
  senators suffered them not to search; or busy themselves about the
  matter; but commanded them to honour and worship Romulus as one
  taken up to the gods; and about to be to them; in the place of a
  good prince; now a propitious god。 The multitude; hearing this; went
  away believing and rejoicing in hopes of good things from him; but
  there were some; who; canvassing the matter in a hostile temper;
  accused and aspersed the patricians; as men that persuaded the
  people to believe ridiculous tales; when they themselves were the
  murderers of the king。
  Things being in this disorder; one; they say; of the patricians;
  of noble family and approved good character; and a faithful and
  familiar friend of Romulus himself; having come with him from Alba;
  Julius Proculus by name; presented himself in the forum; and; taking a
  most sacred oath; protested before them all; that; as he was
  travelling on the road; he had seen Romulus coming to meet him;
  looking taller and comelier than ever; dressed in shining and
  flaming armour; and he; being affrighted at the apparition; said;
  〃Why; O king; or for what purpose have you abandoned us to unjust
  and wicked surmises; and the whole city to bereavement and endless
  sorrow?〃 and that he made answer; 〃It pleased the gods; O Proculus;
  that we; who came from them; should remain so long a time amongst
  men as we did; and; having built a city to be the greatest in the
  world for empire and glory; should again return to heaven。 But
  farewell; and tell the Romans; that; by the exercise of temperance and
  fortitude; they shall attain the height of human power; we will be
  to you the propitious god Quirinus。〃 This seemed credible to the
  Romans; upon the honesty and oath of the relater; and indeed; too;
  there mingled with it a certain divine passion; some preternatural
  influence similar to possession by a divinity; nobody contradicted it;
  but; laying aside all jealousies and detractions; they prayed to
  Quirinus and saluted him as a god。
  This is like some of the Greek fables of Aristeas the
  Proconnesian; and Cleomedes the Astypalaean; for they say Aristeas
  died in a fuller's workshop; and his friends coming to look for him;
  found his body vanished; and that some presently after; coming from
  abroad; said they met him travelling towards Croton。 And that
  Cleomedes; being an extraordinarily strong and gigantic man; but
  also wild and mad; committed many desperate freaks; and at last; in
  a school…house; striking a pillar that sustained the roof with his
  fist; broke it in the middle; so that the house fell and destroyed the
  children in it; and being pursued; he fled into a great chest; and;
  shutting to the lid; held it so fast; that many men; with their united
  strength; could not force it open; afterwards; breaking the chest to
  pieces; they found no man in it alive or dead; in astonishment at
  which; they sent to consult the oracle at Delphi; to whom the
  prophetess made this answer;…
  〃Of all the heroes; Cleomede is last。〃
  They say; too; the body of Alcmena; as they were carrying her to her
  grave; vanished; and a stone was found lying on the bier。 And many
  such improbabilities do your fabulous writers relate; deifying
  creatures naturally mortal; for though altogether to disown a divine
  nature in human virtue were impious and base; so again; to mix
  heaven with earth is ridiculous。 Let us believe with Pindar; that…
  〃All human bodies yield to Death's decree;
  The soul survives to all eternity。〃
  For that alone is derived from the gods; thence comes; and thither
  returns; not with the body; but when most disengaged and separated
  from it; and when most entirely pure and clean and free from the
  flesh: for the most perfect soul; says Heraclitus; is a dry light;
  which flies out of the body as lightning breaks from a cloud; but that
  which is clogged and surfeited with body is like gross and humid
  incense; slow to kindle and ascend。 We must not; therefore; contrary
  to nature; send the bodies; too; of good men to heaven; but we must
  really believe that; according to their divine nature and law; their
  virtue and their souls are translated out of men into heroes; out of
  heroes into demi…gods; out of demi…gods; after passing; as in the rite
  of initiation; through a final cleansing and sanctification; and so
  freeing themselves from all that pertains to mortality and sense;
  are thus; not by human decree; but really and according to right
  reason; elevated into gods admitted thus to the greatest and most
  blessed perfection。
  Romulus's surname Quirinus; some say; is equivalent to Mars; others;
  that he was so called because the citizens were called Quirites;
  others; because the ancients called a dart or spear Quiris; thus;
  the statue of Juno resting on a spear is called Quiritis; and the dart
  in the Regia is addressed as Mars; and those that were distinguished
  in war were usually presented with a dart; that; therefore; Romulus
  being a martial god; or a god of darts; was called Quirinus。 A
  temple is certainly built to his honour on the mount called from him
  The day he vanished on is called the Flight of the People and the
  Nones of the Goats; because they go then out of the city and sacrifice
  at the Goat's Marsh; and; as they go; they shout out some of the Roman
  names; as Marcus; Lucius; Caius; imitating the way in which they
  then fled and called upon one another in that fright and hurry。
  Some; however; say this was not in imitation of a flight; but of a
  quick and hasty onset; referring it to the following occasion: After
  the Gauls who had taken Rome were driven out by Camillus; and the city
  was scarcely as yet recovering her strength; many of the Latins; under
  the command of Livius Postumius; took this time to march against
  her。 Postumius; halting not far from Rome; sent a herald; signifying
  that the Latins were desirous to renew their former alliance and
  affinity (that was now almost decayed) by contracting new marriages
  between both nations; if; therefore; they would send forth a good
  number of their virgins and widows; they should have peace and
  friendship; such as the Sabines had formerly had on the like
  conditions。 The Romans; hearing this; dreaded a war; yet thought a
  surrender of their women little better than mere captivity。 Being in
  this doubt; a servant…maid called Philotis (or; as some say;
  Tutola); advised them to do neither; but; by a stratagem; avoid both
  fighting and the giving up of such pledges。 The stratagem was this;
  that they should send herself; with other welllooking servant…maids;
  to the enemy; in the dress of free…born virgins; and she should in the
  night light up a fire signal; at which the Romans should come armed
  and surprise them asleep。 The Latins were thus deceived; and
  accordingly Philotis set up a torch in a wild fig…tree; screening it
  behind with curtains and coverlets from the sight of the enemy;
  while visible to the Romans。 They; when they saw it; eagerly ran out
  of the gates; calling in their haste to each other as they went out;
  and so; falling in unexpectedly upon the enemy; they defeated them;
  and upon that made a feast of triumph; called the Nones of the
  Goats; because of the wild fig…tree; called by the Romans
  Caprificus; or the goat…fig。 They feast the women without the city
  in arbours made of fig…tree boughs; and the maid…servants gather
  together and run about playing; afterwards they fight in sport; and
  throw stones one at another; in memory that they then aided and
  assisted the Roman men in fight。 This only a few authors admit for
  true; for the calling upon one another's names by day and the going
  out to the Goat's Marsh to do sacrifice seem to agree more with the
  former story; unless; indeed; we shall say that both the actions might
  have happened on the same day in different years。 It was in the
  fifty…fourth year of his age and the thirty…eighth of his reign that
  Romulus; they tell us; left the world。